Depressive disorders are among the most common mental health disorders in the United States. They are characterized by a sad, hopeless, empty, or irritable mood, and somatic and cognitive changes that significantly interfere with daily life. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is defined as having a depressed mood for most of the day and a marked loss of interest or pleasure, among other symptoms present nearly every day for at least a two-week period.
Anxiety disorders are characterized by excessive fear or anxiety that is difficult to control and negatively and substantially impacts daily functioning. Fear refers to the emotional response to a real or perceived threat while anxiety is the anticipation of a future threat. These disorders can range from specific fears (called phobias), such as the fear of flying or public speaking, to more generalized feelings of worry and tension.
*For more information about mental health and other disorders see the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration at www.samhsa.gov., the Illinois Department of Human Services Division of Alcohol and Substance Abuse. http://www.dhs.state.il.us/, or the National Alliance on Mental Illiness www.nami.org