747 East Etna Road, Ottawa, IL 61350
901 Main Street, Mendota, IL, 61342
  Office: 815-993-1614 : Fax 815-431-1250
ivcounselingservices@gmail.com

Illinois Valley Counseling Services

  Change is Possible.

What is Mental Health?

Mental disorders involve changes in thinking, mood, and/or behavior. These disorders can affect how we relate to others and make choices. Mental disorders take many different forms, with some rooted in deep levels of anxiety, extreme changes in mood, or reduced ability to focus or behave appropriately.

Mental health incorporates a wide variety of conditions from Depression, Anxiety, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Family Issues, Addictions, ADD/ADHD, and many more.

According to SAMSHA's 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an estimated 43.6 million (18.1%) Americans ages 18 and up experienced some form of mental illness. In the past year, 20.2 million adults (8.4%) had a substance abuse disorder. Of these, 7.9 million people had both a mental disorder and substance abuse disorder, as known as co-occurring or dual-diagnosis mental and substance abuse disorders. 

Depression


Depressive disorders are among the most common mental health disorders in the United States. They are characterized by a sad, hopeless, empty, or irritable mood, and somatic and cognitive changes that significantly interfere with daily life. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is defined as having a depressed mood for most of the day and a marked loss of interest or pleasure, among other symptoms present nearly every day for at least a two-week period.



Anxiety


Anxiety disorders are characterized by excessive fear or anxiety that is difficult to control and negatively and substantially impacts daily functioning. Fear refers to the emotional response to a real or perceived threat while anxiety is the anticipation of a future threat. These disorders can range from specific fears (called phobias), such as the fear of flying or public speaking, to more generalized feelings of worry and tension.



Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD is characterized as the development of debilitating symptoms following exposure to a traumatic or dangerous event. These can include re-experiencing symptoms from an event, such as flashbacks or nightmares, avoidance symptoms, changing a personal routine to escape having to be reminded of an event, or being hyper-aroused (easily startled or tense) that makes daily tasks nearly impossible to complete. PTSD was first identified as a result of symptoms experienced by soldiers and those in war; however, other traumatic events, such as rape, child abuse, car accidents, and natural disasters have also been shown to give rise to PTSD. 

Family Issues

1 in 25 Americans lives with a serious mental health condition. Mental health professionals have effective treatments for most of these conditions, yet in any given year, only 60% of people with a mental illness get mental health care. 

As a result, family members and caregivers often play a large role in helping and supporting them. Millions of people have experienced the thoughts and questions you might be having now. You may be trying to help a family member who doesn't have access to care or doesn't want help. Or you may want to learn how to support and encourage someone who has been hospitalized or experienced a                                                               similar mental health crisis.

Addictions

Addiction is a chronic, but treatable, brain disorder. People who are addicted cannot control their need for alcohol or other drugs, even in the face of negative health, social or legal consequences. This lack of control is the result of alcohol or drug induced changes in the brain. Those changes, in turn cause behavior changes.*

ADD/ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is defined by a persistent pattern of inattention (for example, difficulty keeping focus) and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity (for example, difficulty controlling behavior, excessive and inappropriate motor activity). Children with ADHD have difficulty performing well in school, interacting with other children, and following through on tasks. Adults with ADHD are often extremely distractible and have significant difficulties with organization.


*For more information about mental health and other disorders see the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration at www.samhsa.gov.,  the Illinois Department of Human Services Division of Alcohol and Substance Abuse. http://www.dhs.state.il.us/, or the National Alliance on Mental Illiness www.nami.org